Asthma Treatment Overview Discussion Paper

Asthma Treatment Overview Discussion Paper

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Asthma is a respiratory disorder that affects children and adults. Advanced practice nurses often provide treatment to patients with these disorders. Sometimes patients require immediate treatment, making it essential that you recognize and distinguish minor asthma symptoms from serious, life-threatening ones. Since symptoms and attacks are often induced by a trigger, advanced practice nurses must also help patients identify their triggers and recommend appropriate management options. Like many other disorders, there are various approaches to treating and managing care for asthmatic patients depending on individual patient factors.

One method that supports the clinical decision making of drug therapy plans for asthmatic patients is the stepwise approach, which you explore in this Assignment. Asthma Treatment Overview Discussion Paper



Be sure to review the Learning Resources before completing this activity.
Click the weekly resources link to access the resources.

To Prepare:

Reflect on drugs used to treat asthmatic patients, including long-term control and quick relief treatment options for patients. Think about the impact these drugs might have on patients, including adults and children.
Consider how you might apply the stepwise approach to address the health needs of a patient in your practice.
Reflect on how stepwise management assists health care providers and patients in gaining and maintaining control of the disease.

Create a 5- to 6-slide PowerPoint presentation that can be used in a staff development meeting on presenting different approaches for implementing the stepwise approach for asthma treatment. Be sure to address the following: Asthma Treatment Overview Discussion Paper

Describe long-term control and quick relief treatment options for the asthma patient from your practice as well as the impact these drugs might have on your patient.
Explain the stepwise approach to asthma treatment and management for your patient.
Explain how stepwise management assists health care providers and patients in gaining and maintaining control of the disease. Be specific.

The key objectives of asthma treatment are designed to achieve optimal control of the condition, minimize symptoms, prevent exacerbations, and enhance the overall quality of life for individuals with asthma. The primary goals of asthma treatment encompass various aspects of care, and these objectives are crucial for providing comprehensive and effective management. The key objectives include: attain control over asthma symptoms and maintain that control over time. Control is achieved when the individual experiences minimal day-to-day symptoms, maintains normal activity levels, and uses quick-relief medications infrequently (Maddux et al., 2021)Asthma Treatment Overview Discussion Paper. Minimize the occurrence of chronic symptoms such as coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath. Chronic symptoms indicate ongoing inflammation and bronchoconstriction, and effective treatment aims to reduce these manifestations. Reduce the frequency and severity of acute exacerbations or asthma attacks. Exacerbations can lead to emergency room visits, hospitalizations, and compromise the individual’s overall well-being. Prevention is a key aspect of asthma management. Preserve normal lung function and prevent the decline in pulmonary function associated with uncontrolled asthma. Chronic inflammation and bronchoconstriction can lead to irreversible changes in lung function over time. Treatment aims to minimize this decline and promote optimal respiratory health.

Asthma is a chronic respiratory condition characterized by airway inflammation, bronchoconstriction, and increased mucus production, leading to symptoms such as wheezing, shortness of breath, and coughing. Effective asthma management often involves a combination of long-term control medications and quick relief medications, tailored to the individual patient’s needs. These medications aim to prevent and control underlying inflammation and bronchoconstriction in the airways, providing sustained relief over time. Inhaled corticosteroids, long-acting beta-agonists, leukotriene modifiers, and inhaled corticosteroids (Fitzpatrick et al., 2020). Asthma management should be individualized based on the patient’s symptoms, severity, triggers, and lifestyle. Regular monitoring and adjustment of the treatment plan are crucial for optimizing control and improving the patient’s quality of life. Education on proper inhaler technique, adherence, and recognition of early signs of worsening symptoms empower patients to actively participate in their asthma management. The stepwise approach serves as a valuable guide for healthcare providers in tailoring treatment to meet the unique needs of each patient.

The impact of drugs on patients in the context of asthma treatment involves considering both the benefits of symptom control and the potential side effects associated with the medications. Asthma drugs can be broadly categorized into long-term control medications and quick relief (rescue) medications, each with its effects on patients. They effectively reduce airway inflammation, leading to improved control of chronic symptoms (Papi et al., 2020)Asthma Treatment Overview Discussion Paper. They are crucial for preventing exacerbations and maintaining long-term stability in patients with persistent asthma. They provide sustained bronchodilation, helping to keep airways open over an extended period. When combined they enhance the overall effectiveness of asthma control. Inhaled corticosteroids may cause local side effects such as oral thrush or hoarseness, emphasizing the importance of proper inhaler technique and mouth rinsing. Labas, when used alone without Inhaled corticosteroids, may be associated with an increased risk of severe asthma exacerbations; hence, their use is recommended in combination with Inhaled corticosteroids. Leukotriene modifiers are generally well-tolerated, but some patients may experience gastrointestinal upset.


The stepwise approach in the treatment of asthma is a systematic and guideline-based strategy that helps healthcare providers manage and control asthma symptoms progressively. The stepwise approach allows healthcare providers to tailor asthma treatment to the individual needs of each patient. Asthma severity can vary widely among patients, and the stepwise approach helps in selecting the appropriate level of medication based on the severity of symptoms (Wang et al., 2021). By categorizing asthma into different severity levels e.g., intermittent, mild persistent, moderate persistent, and severe persistent, the stepwise approach ensures that patients receive an optimal level of medication to control their symptoms. This helps in preventing exacerbations and maintaining day-to-day stability. Asthma Treatment Overview Discussion Paper

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