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Current Concepts And Treatments in Children And Adolescents Assignment

Current Concepts And Treatments in Children And Adolescents Assignment

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Introduction

ADHD and ODD are two neurodevelopmental disorders that frequently coexist and present challenges in accurate diagnosis due to their overlapping symptomatology. This paper aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of ADHD and ODD by defining each disorder, exploring the DSM-5 criteria for diagnosis, and identifying valid and reliable assessment tools that consider biopsychosocial, cultural, and developmental aspects. Current Concepts And Treatments in Children And Adolescents Assignment

ADHD Definition

ADHD is a disorder of neurodevelopmental with a persistent sequence of impulsivity, lack of attention, and hyperactivity that impair functioning (Rosello et al., 2020). ADHD individuals often struggle with managing time and organization, resulting in academic and social challenges. ADHD is further categorized into three subtypes: predominantly presentation with inattention, hyperactive-impulsive, and combined presentation.

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DSM-5 Criteria for ADHD

The DSM-5 outlines ADHD’s diagnosis-specific criteria. The essential features include the availability of symptoms before age 12, the persistence of symptoms for at least six months, and impairment (e.g., school, work, home). The specific criteria for inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity determine the subtype, providing a nuanced understanding of the presentation. Current Concepts And Treatments in Children And Adolescents Assignment

ODD Definition

ODD is a disruptive behavior disorder that has recurrent defiant patterns and rudeness toward authority figures. ODD patients may engage in vindictive behaviors. ODD is different from a disorder of conduct; no severe violations of the rights of others are violated or gone against.

DSM-5 Criteria for ODD

The criteria for treating ODD include irritable mood and defiant behavior. The behaviors must occur frequently, prolong for six months, and result in impairment. It is crucial to note that ODD is distinguished from conduct disorder by the absence of more severe violations of others’ rights. Current Concepts And Treatments in Children And Adolescents Assignment

Assessment and Screening Tools

For people with ADHD and ODD, assessment tools are essential to a precise diagnosis and the design of an effective intervention. The Vanderbilt Assessment Scales, which collect data from parents, teachers, and children, offer a thorough method for treating ADHD. Cultural sensitivity is incorporated into the ADHD Rating Scale-IV in recognition of the value of taking a variety of cultural backgrounds into account while conducting assessments. Furthermore, the Connors Comprehensive Behavior Rating Scales provide insightful information on various behavioral topics, facilitating a deeper comprehension of the person’s developmental background. Assessment instruments like the Child Behavior Checklist are crucial in identifying various behaviors linked to ODD. The culturally sensitive Eyberg Child Behavior Inventory considers how children behave differently in various cultural environments. Age-specific forms in the Achenbach System of Empirically Based Assessment enable the assessment of ODD from a developmental perspective. Current Concepts And Treatments in Children And Adolescents Assignment

Learning Objectives for PowerPoint Presentation

Understand the Distinctive Features

Making the distinction between ODD and ADHD requires understanding the distinctive characteristics of each condition. Individuals are guaranteed to receive focused and efficient therapy when the significance of a precise diagnosis and suitable action is emphasized.

Explore Assessment Tools

Students must become acquainted with legitimate and reliable tools for assessing ODD and ADHD to enhance their ability to conduct thorough examinations. Assessments are more accurate and relevant when biopsychosocial, cultural, and developmental factors are taken into account. Current Concepts And Treatments in Children And Adolescents Assignment

Integrate a Dimensional Perspective

Emphasizing the need to address the heterogeneity within each illness, the new research indicates the value of a dimensional viewpoint in the diagnosis of ODD and ADHD. Personalized therapy options are guided by this approach, which acknowledges that individuals may exhibit varying symptom profiles and developmental trajectories (Murray et al., 2020).

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 Conclusion

To sum up, both ODD and ADHD are complicated neurodevelopmental diseases that make it difficult to properly diagnose and organize interventions (Drechsler et al., 2020). Effective clinical practice requires a DSM-5 criteria exploration of the DSM-5 criteria and rigorous and reliable assessment instruments that consider developmental, cultural, and biopsychosocial factors. Adopting a dimensional viewpoint allows educators and clinicians to customize therapies to address the heterogeneity present in each disease, improving results for people with ODD and ADHD. The PowerPoint presentation’s learning objectives are designed to give students the information and abilities needed for a sophisticated comprehension and successful treatment of these illnesses in various demographics. Current Concepts And Treatments in Children And Adolescents Assignment

References

Drechsler, R., Brem, S., Brandeis, D., Grünblatt, E., Berger, G., & Walitza, S. (2020). ADHD: Current concepts and treatments in children and adolescents. Neuropediatrics51(05), 315-335. https://www.thieme-connect.com/products/ejournals/html/10.1055/s-0040-1701658

Murray, A. L., Eisner, M., Nagin, D., & Ribeaud, D. (2020). A multi-trajectory analysis of commonly co-occurring mental health issues across childhood and adolescence. European child & adolescent psychiatry, 1-15. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00787-020-01679-1

Roselló, B., Berenguer, C., Baixauli, I., Mira, Á., Martinez-Raga, J., & Miranda, A. (2020). An empirical examination of executive functioning, ADHD-associated behaviors, and functional impairments in adults with persistent ADHD, remittent ADHD, and without ADHD. BMC Psychiatry20(1), 1-12. https://bmcpsychiatry.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12888-020-02542 Current Concepts And Treatments in Children And Adolescents Assignment

Case formulation weekly submission:

This week, you will conduct research and submit information related to evidence-based interventions.

Much of the information you learn through your research can help inform the development of your patient. Research evidence-based interventions involving psychopharmacological and nonpharmacological services to individuals assessed in a mental health setting. Submit the following:
Psychotherapeutic options Current Concepts And Treatments in Children And Adolescents Assignment
Psychopharmaceutical management with detailed pharmacological analysis
Current evidence (not published more than three years ago) related to the topic
Legal/ethical considerations
Discuss collaborations and considerations with the Interdisciplinary Team.
Discuss the potential referral process for this type of diagnosis Current Concepts And Treatments in Children And Adolescents Assignment

 

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