Maternity Care For Pregnant Women With Opioid Use Disorder Essay Paper

Maternity Care For Pregnant Women With Opioid Use Disorder Essay Paper

Need Help Writing an Essay?

Tell us about your assignment and we will find the best writer for your paper

Write My Essay For Me

Benchmark: Evidence-Based Practice Proposal Project: Framework/Model for Change

Models of change are crucial in implementing evidence-based interventions in healthcare. There are multiple frameworks for guiding intervention implementation. One is the social-ecological model of health. The model takes a holistic perspective on health by focusing on multiple factors affecting health. The theory supports the World Health Organization’s constitution of 1947 that challenges healthcare providers to have a broad thinking of patient care. The social-ecological model views health as a product of interactions between individuals, the community, and physical, political, and social environments. The model has been applied in the implementation of various healthcare interventions, including mental health care (Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, 2023). In this paper, I demonstrate how to apply the social-ecological model of health in a community holistic approach for decreasing maternal mortality rates of opioid-addicted antepartum, intrapartum, and postpartum patients. The rest of the discussion focuses on each component of the change model and how each will be applied in implementing the proposed intervention. Maternity Care For Pregnant Women With Opioid Use Disorder Essay Paper

The social-ecological model is conceptualized to have four concentric circles representing multilevel factors that influence an individual’s health. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) identifies four components of the social-ecological model, including individual, relationship, community, and societal (See Appendix A). The first level (individual) involves a person’s biological and other personal demographics, such as health history, age, education, and income. The second level (relationship) includes an individual’s closest relations, including family members, partners, and friends, who affect a person’s behavior and influence their experiences. The third level (community) examines the contexts in which people form social relationships, such as neighborhoods, workplaces, and schools. It seeks to determine the specifics of these settings that influence health. The final level (societal) focuses on broad factors in society that promote or impair health. Examples of societal influences are social and cultural norms and social, educational, economic, and health policies that impact health (Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, 2023).


Opioid addiction in pregnant women is a significant problem in the United States. The cause of the problem is multifaceted and requires a holistic approach (Jalali et al., 2020). Opioid addiction in mothers is caused by individual, relationship, community, and society-based factors. It is associated with the biological and personal characteristics of a person. It may also stem from relating with family members, partners, or friends. Besides, it may result from the community /neighborhood where the individual lives. Opioid use disorder (OUD) may also be prevalent in communities or groups characterized by socioeconomic inequalities (Rizk et al., 2019).  Due to the broad factors related to opioid addiction, applying the social-ecological model of health to implement the proposed intervention is most appropriate. Maternity Care For Pregnant Women With Opioid Use Disorder Essay Paper

The change model aims to target interventions to each level of influence. At the individual level, the aim is to control opioid addiction and maintain maternal health. The strategies target mothers at the antepartum, intrapartum, and postpartum stages. The recommended treatment for opioid-addicted mothers is pharmacotherapy with naloxone, methadone, buprenorphine, and behavioral therapy, in addition to routine antenatal, intra-natal, and postnatal care. During prenatal, the community holistic approach recommends pregnant women be screened for substance use disorder, including OUD, as part of antenatal care. The healthcare providers should also make referrals for mental healthcare services the women may need.  At birth, there should be screening for neonatal exposure to drug addiction and access to relevant recovery services (Hoyland et al., 2022).

At the relationship level, the intervention calls for engaging the partners and family members of opioid-addicted mothers. The partners and the loved ones can play a significant role in the recovery and support of the individual. The social-ecological model shows that family and spouses can affect one’s health. For instance, opioid-addicted mothers require their partners or family members’ support to adhere to medications or take care of their newborns as they continue treatment (Rizk et al., 2019). Including them in care planning and management can prevent relapse or poor maternal outcomes, such as death. Maternity Care For Pregnant Women With Opioid Use Disorder Essay Paper

At the community level of the model, the intervention proposes community partnerships that address opioid use and addiction control. Strategies that work at this level include public awareness about the risks of opioid use among pregnant women. The other strategy would be partnering with local community health clinics to adopt the practice of screening mothers for substance use disorders as part of their routine maternal care (Rizk et al., 2019).

Finally, at the societal level, the intervention proposes tailored interventions for opioid-addicted mothers. Acknowledging the healthcare disparities present in the U.S., the best approach to opioid addiction in marginalized communities or racial/ethnic minorities is community-based substance abuse treatment programs (Rizk et al., 2019). These community interventions help improve outcomes in socially and economically disadvantaged societies since they address social determinants of health. Maternity Care For Pregnant Women With Opioid Use Disorder Essay Paper


               The social-ecological model of health applies to the community holistic approach proposed for decreasing maternal deaths in antepartum, intrapartum, and postpartum patients.  The change framework examines health from a broad perspective. It postulates that treating an individual succeeds if we focus on the four components: individual, relationship, community, and societal. Using the social-ecological model, the intervention targets opioid-addicted mothers in antepartum, intrapartum, and postpartum. It also includes opioid addiction control strategies for families, communities, and society.    


Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (2023).  Models and frameworks for the practice of community engagement. In Principles of Community Engagement.  Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. › pce_models.

Rizk, A. H., Simonsen, S. E., Roberts, L., Taylor-Swanson, L., Lemoine, J. B., & Smid, M. (2019). Maternity care for pregnant women with opioid use disorder: A review. Journal of Midwifery and Women’s Health, 64(5), 532-544. Maternity Care For Pregnant Women With Opioid Use Disorder Essay Paper

Hoyland, S. A., Schuchert, A., & Mamen, A. (2022). A holistic perspective on continuing care for substance use and dependence: Results and implications from an in-depth study of a Norwegian continuing care establishment. Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 39(5),469-584.

Jalali, M. S., Botticelli, M., Hwang, R. C., Koh, H. K., & McHugh, R. K. (2020). The opioid crisis: A contextual, social-ecological framework. Health Research Policy and Systems, 18(87), 1-9. 

Appendix A: Concept Map for Social Ecological Model

Appendix B: APA Writing Checklist

APA Writing Checklist

Use this document as a checklist for each paper you will write throughout your GCU graduate program. Follow specific instructions indicated in the assignment and use this checklist to help ensure correct grammar and APA formatting. Refer to the APA resources available in the GCU Library and Student Success Center. Maternity Care For Pregnant Women With Opioid Use Disorder Essay Paper

☒ APA paper template (located in the Student Success Center/Writing Center) is utilized for the correct format of the paper. APA style is applied, and the format is correct throughout.

☒  The title page is present. APA format is applied correctly. There are no errors.

☒ The introduction is present. APA format is applied correctly. There are no errors.

☒ Topic is well defined.

☒ A strong thesis statement is included in the introduction of the paper.

☒ The thesis statement is consistently threaded throughout the paper and included in the conclusion.

☒ Paragraph development: Each paragraph has an introductory statement, two or three sentences as the body of the paragraph, and a transition sentence to facilitate the flow of information. The sections of the main body are organized to reflect the main points of the author. APA format is applied correctly. There are no errors.

☒ All sources are cited. APA style and format are correctly applied and are free from error.

☒ Sources are completely and correctly documented on a References page, as appropriate to the assignment and APA style, and the format is free of error.

Scholarly Resources: Scholarly resources are written with a focus on a specific subject discipline and are usually written by an expert in the same subject field. Scholarly resources are written for an academic audience. Maternity Care For Pregnant Women With Opioid Use Disorder Essay Paper

Examples of Scholarly Resources include Academic journals, books written by experts in a field, and formally published encyclopedias and dictionaries.

Peer-Reviewed Journals: Peer-reviewed journals are evaluated before publication by experts in the journal’s subject discipline. This process ensures that the articles published within the journal are academically rigorous and meet the required expectations of an article in that subject discipline.

Empirical Journal Article: This type of scholarly resource is a subset of scholarly articles that report the original findings of an observational or experimental research study. Common aspects found within an empirical article include literature review, methodology, results, and discussion.

Adapted from “Evaluating Resources: Defining Scholarly Resources,” located in Research Guides in the GCU Library.

For this assignment, you will synthesize the independent evidence-based practice project proposal assignments from NUR-550 and NUR-590 into a 4,500-5,000-word professional paper. Maternity Care For Pregnant Women With Opioid Use Disorder Essay Paper


Final Paper

The final paper should:

Incorporate all necessary revisions and corrections suggested by your instructors.
Synthesize the different elements of the overall project into one paper. The synthesis should reflect the main concepts for each section, connect ideas or overreaching concepts, and be rewritten to include the critical aspects of the project (do not copy and paste the assignments).
Contain supporting research for the evidence-based practice project proposal.
Main Body of the Paper

The main body of your paper should include the following sections:

Problem Statement
Organizational Culture and Readiness
Literature Review
Change Model or Framework
Implementation Plan
Evaluation Plan

The appendices at the end of your paper should include the following:

Complete the “APA Writing Checklist,” provided in Class Resources, to ensure that your paper adheres to APA style and formatting criteria and general guidelines for academic writing. Include the completed checklist as the final appendix at the end of your paper. In each preceding course, you have been directed to the Student Success Center for assistance with APA style and have submitted the “APA Writing Checklist” to help illustrate your adherence to APA style. This final paper should demonstrate a clear ability to communicate your project in a professional and accurately formatted paper using APA style. Maternity Care For Pregnant Women With Opioid Use Disorder Essay Paper
General Requirements

You are required to cite 10-12 peer-reviewed sources to complete this assignment. Sources must be published within the last 5 years and appropriate for the assignment criteria and nursing content.

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. A link to the LopesWrite technical support articles is located in Class Resources if you need assistance.

Benchmark Information

This benchmark assignment assesses the following programmatic competencies:


1.1: Translate research and knowledge gained from practice, while adhering to ethical research standards, to improve patient outcomes and clinical practice.

5.1: Design ethically sound, evidence-based solutions to complex health care issues related Maternity Care For Pregnant Women With Opioid Use Disorder Essay Paper

Let our team of professional writers take care of your essay for you! We provide quality and plagiarism free academic papers written from scratch. Sit back, relax, and leave the writing to us! Meet some of our best research paper writing experts. We obey strict privacy policies to secure every byte of information between you and us.