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Treatment of Inflammatory Bowel Disease Discussion Paper

Treatment of Inflammatory Bowel Disease Discussion Paper

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Introduction

In this case study, a 30-year-old man complains of fatigue, weight loss, cramping in his abdomen, mucus in his stool, and a history of Crohn’s disease in his family. We shall look at why he presented the described symptoms, the associated genes, and the process of immunosuppression.

Why the patient presents the described symptoms

The patient may have inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) given his history of Crohn’s disease in his brother’s family, his abdominal pain, cramping, mucus in his stool, fatigue, and recent weight loss. A process of inflammation is suggested by the elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR). A plain abdominal X-ray may not reveal characteristic findings in the early stages of Crohn’s disease, and negative stool testing rules out infectious causes as described by McDowell et al. (2023). Additional investigation is necessary to examine the gastrointestinal tract for indications of Crohn’s disease, such as endoscopy or imaging tests like CT or MRI (McDowell et al., 2023). Treatment of Inflammatory Bowel Disease Discussion Paper

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Associated genes

There is a strong genetic component to Crohn’s disease, and the development of the condition is linked to multiple genes. Notably, mutations in the NOD2/CARD15 gene raise the risk of developing Crohn’s disease. In addition, genes like IL23R, ATG16L1, and IRGM that are involved in the immune response are implicated. Chronic inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract is caused by an aberrant immune response that is influenced by these genetic factors. In susceptible individuals, environmental factors can also contribute to the onset of Crohn’s disease, even though genetic predisposition is a major (Cai et al., 2021).

The process of immunosuppression

Immunosuppression is the process of reducing the activity of the immune system. This is frequently accomplished by drugs such as biologics, immunomodulators, or corticosteroids. These medications work by targeting different elements of the immune response, like immune cells or cytokines, to lower inflammation and manage autoimmune diseases like Crohn’s disease (Cai et al., 2021). Immunosuppression can be useful in treating symptoms, but it can also weaken the body’s defenses against infections and make it more vulnerable to infections. Many body systems are impacted by this elevated risk of infection, which may result in opportunistic infections, poor wound healing, and heightened susceptibility to cancers. To minimize immunosuppressive side effects while maintaining disease control, regular monitoring, vaccination, and careful management are essential (Gade et al., 2020). Treatment of Inflammatory Bowel Disease Discussion Paper

Conclusion

In conclusion, the 30-year-old man may have Crohn’s disease based on his symptoms, and genetic factors, especially mutations in genes like NOD2/CARD15, IL23R, ATG16L1, and IRGM, may be important. Drugs that target immune components are used in the immunosuppressive process, which is essential for managing Crohn’s disease but carries risks, including an increased susceptibility to infections. Careful monitoring, vaccination, and meticulous management are necessary for effective disease control to minimize immunosuppressive side effects while balancing symptom relief.

 

References

Cai, Z., Wang, S., & Li, J. (2021). Treatment of Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Comprehensive Review. Frontiers in medicine, 8, 765474. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmed.2021.765474

Gade, A. K., Douthit, N. T., & Townsley, E. (2020). Medical Management of Crohn’s Disease. Cureus, 12(5), e8351. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.8351

McDowell, C., Farooq, U., & Haseeb, M. (2023). Inflammatory Bowel Disease. In StatPearls. StatPearls Publishing. Treatment of Inflammatory Bowel Disease Discussion Paper

A 30-year-old male presents to the clinic with a chief complaint of abdominal pain and cramping with mucus in his stool worsening over the last few weeks. He denies any fever but has had an increase in fatigue. He reports a weight loss of 10 pounds in the last month. His family history reveals his brother was diagnosed with Crohnâ€s disease. His labs reveal an elevated ESR, normal B12, and negative stool testing. He is sent for a plain abdominal x-ray which was normal. Treatment of Inflammatory Bowel Disease Discussion Paper

 

The Assignment

Develop a 1- to 2-page case study analysis in which you:

Explain why you think the patient presented the symptoms described.
Identify the genes that may be associated with the development of the disease.
Explain the process of immunosuppression and the effect it has on body systems.
Things to remember:

APA format is required for all assignments
A minimum of three scholarly references is required for each assignment
Be sure that your references are no older than five years from the publication date
The writing center has APA templates that can be used and are very helpful Treatment of Inflammatory Bowel Disease Discussion Paper

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