BHA FPX 4010 Assessment 2 Qualitative Research Questions and Methods

BHA FPX 4010 Assessment 2 Qualitative Research Questions and Methods


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Capella university

BHA-FPX4010 Introduction to Health Care Research

Prof. Name



In this paper, I will construct a qualitative research question, identify relevant qualitative methodologies and strategies for addressing the research question, and elucidate the significance of targeted data collection in a comprehensive research plan.

Part 1: Qualitative Research Question

Is it opportune to reassess the procedural methodologies employed in operating rooms across the United States for conducting surgical timeout procedures? Annually, within our healthcare system, there has been a surge in incidents involving the inadvertent retention of surgical instruments within patients subsequent to invasive surgeries. Consequently, the issue of retained surgical items not only tarnishes the reputation of hospitals but also escalates malpractice claims, exacerbating the health risks posed to patients over time (Pyrek, 2017).

Part 2: Qualitative Methods and Data Collection

Qualitative research epitomizes systematic approaches aimed at comprehending social or cultural phenomena by evaluating the experiences and perspectives of involved participants (Choo et al., 2015). Dodgson (2017) characterizes qualitative research as primarily an inductive process facilitating data organization to glean insights into others’ experiences and the world as perceived by them.

Four predominant qualitative research methodologies include Phenomenology, Grounded Theory, Ethnographic Research, and Case Study (Bradshaw, Atkinson, & Doody, 2017). Phenomenology delves into describing phenomena through the lens of individuals who have experienced them, aiming to elucidate the essence of these experiences (Hammarberg, Kirkman, & de Lacey, 2016). Grounded Theory fosters theory development from collected data without predefined hypotheses (Singh & Estefan, 2018). Ethnographic Research immerses researchers in natural settings to understand cultures, groups, or communities (Chawla & Jones, 2017). Case Study offers a detailed examination of specific subjects to draw comprehensive conclusions (Rashid et al., 2019).

Qualitative Data Collection Strategies

Qualitative data collection strategies encompass interviews, focus groups, and observations, each with unique advantages and limitations (Billups, 2020). Interviews facilitate detailed insights beyond verbal disclosures through nonverbal cues (Billups, 2020). Focus groups aid in understanding diverse perspectives and fostering consensus (Billups, 2020). Observations provide flexible and natural settings for understanding behaviors and interactions (Smit & Onwuegbuzie, 2018).

Targeted Data

Targeted data collection aligns pertinent information with the research question, eliminating irrelevant data to focus on key indicators and mitigate biased outcomes. To address the research question regarding the need for modifications in surgical timeout procedures, qualitative strategies involving observation and interviewing are imperative. Transparency with participants is crucial to ensure that findings serve to enhance patient care and safety.


Billups, F. (2020). Qualitative Data Collection Tools. SAGE.

Bradshaw, C., Atkinson, S., & Doody, O. (2017). Employing a Qualitative Description Approach in Health Care Research. Global Qualitative Nursing Research, 4.

BHA FPX 4010 Assessment 2 Qualitative Research Questions and Methods

Chawla, D., & Jones, R. M. (2017). Ethnography/Ethnographic Methods. The International Encyclopedia of Communication Research Methods, 1–18.

Choo, E. K., Garro, A. C., Ranney, M. L., & Meisel, Z. F. (2015). Qualitative Research in Emergency Care Part I: Research Principles and Common Applications. Academic Emergency Medicine Journal, 22(9), 1096–1102.

Dodgson, J. E. (2017). About Research: Qualitative Methodologies. SAGE, 33(2), 355–358.

BHA FPX 4010 Assessment 2 Qualitative Research Questions and Methods

Singh, S., & Estefan, A. (2018). Selecting a Grounded Theory Approach for Nursing Research. Global Qualitative Nursing Research, 5, 2333393618799571.

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