BHA FPX 4010 Assessment 4 Develop a Research Plan

BHA FPX 4010 Assessment 4 Develop a Research Plan

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BHA FPX 4010 Assessment 4 Develop a Research Plan

Student Name

Capella University

BHA-FPX4010 Introduction to Health Care Research

Prof. Name


Developing a Research Plan

Throughout this paper, the emphasis lies in delineating a research conundrum, purpose delineation, and research query within the structure of a research blueprint. Moreover, an elected data accumulation technique is expounded upon, succeeded by an expedition into measurement dependability and validity, buttressed with pertinent instances.

Part 1: Problem Statement

Every year, approximately four to six thousand surgical interventions in the United States document occurrences of inadvertently left behind surgical equipment within patients’ bodies post-operation, presenting a noteworthy patient safety apprehension (Fenner, 2019). These occurrences, encompassing items such as swabs, clamps, needles, and covers, mandate corrective measures to assuage potential harm to patients (Fencl, 2016). Human fallibility emerges as a pivotal element contributing to these events (Birolini et al., 2016). Hence, it is imperative to unearth and tackle the root causes to augment patient safety in surgical milieus.

Part 2: Purpose Statement

The research endeavors to curtail the incidence of retained surgical paraphernalia in U.S. operating theaters by instituting the National Patient Safety Agency’s Five Steps to Safer Surgery initiative. This undertaking aims to enrich surgical staff education and methodologies, ultimately curbing the frequency of such safety lapses and ameliorating patient care outcomes (Pyrek, 2017; Woodman, 2016). The purpose is in alignment with addressing the identified issue within operating theaters and proposes a methodical approach for its rectification (Woodman, 2016).

Part 3: Qualitative Research Question

The qualitative research query delves into the factors contributing to the escalating rates of retained surgical mishaps despite extant safety protocols. Through qualitative scrutiny, this investigation endeavors to unveil underlying intricacies and viewpoints of surgical personnel, facilitating the formulation of efficacious remedies (Choo et al., 2015). Employing ethnographic research methodology furnishes a holistic comprehension of the social dynamics and conduct within operating theaters, aiding in pinpointing enhancement strategies (Chawla & Jones, 2017).

Part 4: Data Collection, Reliability, and Validity

Observation emerges as the favored data acquisition method for this qualitative inquiry, enabling researchers to immerse themselves in the surgical milieu and encapsulate nuanced interactions and methodologies (Smit & Onwuegbuzie, 2018). By ensuring researchers’ impartiality and scrupulous data documentation, reliability and validity are upheld (Hasnida & Ghazali, 2016). Reliability ensures consistent findings across observations, while validity assures the precise measurement of intended phenomena (Hasnida & Ghazali, 2016).


In conclusion, mitigating the quandary of retained surgical items necessitates a multifaceted strategy encompassing augmented safety protocols, staff enlightenment, and effective communication. Through assiduous research and implementation of evidence-based approaches, the objective of diminishing such occurrences and enhancing patient safety can be realized.


Birolini, D. V., Rasslan, S., & Utiyama, E. M. (2016). Unintentionally retained foreign bodies after surgical procedures: Analysis of 4547 cases. SciELO Analytics, 43(1), 12–17.

Chawla, D., & Jones, R. M. (2017). Ethnography/ethnographic methods. The International Encyclopedia of Communication Research Methods, 1–18.

Choo, E. K., Garro, A. C., Ranney, M. L., & Meisel, Z. F. (2015). Qualitative research in emergency care part I: Research principles and common applications. Academic Emergency Medicine Journal, 22(9), 1096–1102.

BHA FPX 4010 Assessment 4 Develop a Research Plan

Fencl, J. L. (2016). Guideline implementation: Prevention of retained surgical items. AORN Journal, 104(1), 37–48.

Fenner, K. (2019). The Joint Commission’s Hospital National Patient Safety Goals for 2018. Compass Clinical Consulting.

Hasnida, N., & Ghazali, M. (2016). A reliability and validity of an instrument to evaluate the school-based assessment system. International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education, 5(2), 148–157.

Pyrek, K. (2017). Preventing retained surgical items is a team effort. Infection Control Today.

BHA FPX 4010 Assessment 4 Develop a Research Plan

Woodman, N. (2016). World Health Organization surgical safety checklist. WFSA.

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