BHA FPX 4010 Assessment 4 Develop a Research Plan

BHA FPX 4010 Assessment 4 Develop a Research Plan


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Capella university

BHA-FPX4010 Introduction to Health Care Research

Prof. Name


Developing a Research Plan

Throughout this paper, the focus is on elucidating a research problem, purpose statement, and research question within the framework of a research plan. Additionally, a chosen data collection method is explained, followed by an exploration of measurement reliability and validity, supported with relevant examples.

Part 1: Problem Statement

Annually, between four to six thousand surgical procedures in the United States report instances of retained surgical equipment left unintentionally within patients’ bodies post-surgery, posing a significant patient safety concern (Fenner, 2019). These incidents, involving items such as sponges, clips, needles, and caps, necessitate corrective actions to mitigate potential harm to patients (Fencl, 2016). Human error emerges as a critical factor contributing to these occurrences (Birolini et al., 2016). Thus, identifying and addressing the underlying causes is imperative to enhance patient safety in surgical settings.

Part 2: Purpose Statement

The research aims to diminish the prevalence of retained surgical items in U.S. operating rooms by implementing the National Patient Safety Agency’s Five Steps to Safer Surgery program. This endeavor seeks to enhance surgical staff education and practices, ultimately reducing the incidence of such safety errors and improving patient care outcomes (Pyrek, 2017; Woodman, 2016). The purpose aligns with addressing the identified problem within operating rooms and proposes a systematic approach for its resolution (Woodman, 2016).

Part 3: Qualitative Research Question

The qualitative research question investigates the factors contributing to the increasing rates of retained surgical errors despite existing safety protocols. Through qualitative inquiry, this study aims to uncover underlying issues and perspectives of surgical staff, facilitating the development of effective solutions (Choo et al., 2015). Utilizing ethnographic research methodology offers a comprehensive understanding of the social dynamics and behaviors within operating rooms, aiding in identifying strategies for improvement (Chawla & Jones, 2017).

Part 4: Data Collection, Reliability, and Validity

Observation emerges as the preferred data collection method for this qualitative study, allowing researchers to immerse themselves in the surgical environment and capture nuanced interactions and practices (Smit & Onwuegbuzie, 2018). By ensuring researchers’ objectivity and meticulous data recording, reliability and validity are upheld (Hasnida & Ghazali, 2016). Reliability assures consistent findings across observations, while validity ensures the accurate measurement of intended phenomena (Hasnida & Ghazali, 2016).


In conclusion, addressing the issue of retained surgical items necessitates a multifaceted approach involving enhanced safety protocols, staff education, and effective communication. Through diligent research and implementation of evidence-based strategies, the goal of reducing such incidents and improving patient safety can be achieved.


Birolini, D. V., Rasslan, S., & Utiyama, E. M. (2016). Unintentionally retained foreign bodies after surgical procedures: Analysis of 4547 cases. SciELO Analytics, 43(1), 12–17.

Chawla, D., & Jones, R. M. (2017). Ethnography/ethnographic methods. The International Encyclopedia of Communication Research Methods, 1–18.

Choo, E. K., Garro, A. C., Ranney, M. L., & Meisel, Z. F. (2015). Qualitative research in emergency care part I: Research principles and common applications. Academic Emergency Medicine Journal, 22(9), 1096–1102.

BHA FPX 4010 Assessment 4 Develop a Research Plan

Dodgson, J. E. (2017). About research: Qualitative methodologies. SAGE, 33(2), 355–358.

Fencl, J. L. (2016). Guideline implementation: Prevention of retained surgical items. AORN Journal, 104(1), 37–48.

Fenner, K. (2019). The Joint Commission’s Hospital National Patient Safety Goals for 2018. Compass Clinical Consulting.

Kim, F., da Silva, R., Gustafson, D., Nogueira, L., Harlin, T., & Paul, D. L. (2015). Current issues in patient safety in surgery. BMC, 9(26).

Liber, M. (2018). Surgical sponges left inside woman for six years. CNN Health.

BHA FPX 4010 Assessment 4 Develop a Research Plan

Singh, S., & Estefan, A. (2018). Selecting a grounded theory approach for nursing research. Global Qualitative Nursing Research, 5, 2333393618799571.

Pyrek, K. (2017). Preventing retained surgical items is a team effort. Infection Control Today.

Hasnida, N., & Ghazali, M. (2016). A reliability and validity of an instrument to evaluate the school-based assessment system. International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education, 5(2), 148–157.

Woodman, N. (2016). World Health Organization surgical safety checklist. WFSA. dc47bee030e-325-WHO-Surgical-Safety-Checklist.pdf

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