Effective Pain Management Strategy Essay Assignment

Effective Pain Management Strategy Essay Assignment

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Choose one of the two provided articles located in the module Reading and Resources folder. Start by filling out the provided worksheet. Then, using the worksheet as your guide, write a critique to dig deeper into each section and identify the specific examples of each element (e.g., what is the research question? Does the author justify the importance of the research? In the case of a literature review, has the author examined the relevant literature?)Effective Pain Management Strategy Essay Assignment. Elaborate on each section and evaluate it for its strengths and limitations. Be sure to identify your chosen article and address the following critical elements:


1.Purpose and Research Question: What is the research question? Does the author justify the importance of the research?
2.Design and Methods: What design and methods were used? Are they rigorous and systematic?
3.Validity and Reliability: Is the study valid and reliable? (For qualitative research, this section of your critique should consider the studyâ€s trustworthiness and rigor.)
4.Findings and Conclusions: Are the conclusions statistically significant or clinically significant given the findings?
5.Evaluation: What are the strengths and weaknesses of the research article? Did the author succeed or fail in the purpose of the study? Recommend areas for improvement or suggest direction for future research.

Quantitative Article Critique

Quantitative data presents statistical data allowing healthcare professionals to develop an evidence-based foundation for safe and efficient healthcare services. The research approaches apply numerical data (data collection and analysis involve numbers) and use statistical data strategies to infer findings from the general population of interest. Therefore, understanding the quantitative methods is a critical approach which nurses and other healthcare professionals can use to ensure that the underlying practice gaps are applied using evidence-based practices (Schmidt & Brown, 2024)Effective Pain Management Strategy Essay Assignment. This paper critiques a quantitative research approach used to evaluate the impact of implementing cold therapy for post-operative patients.

The Purpose and Research Question

The research question guiding the quantitative research project was: Does implementing cold therapy for post-operative spine patients enhance pain management? The research team aimed to explore the impact of implementing these strategies and enhancing overall patient comfort, safety, and wellbeing. Quinlan et al. (2017) indicated that following the surgical repair of spinal lesions such as injuries, patients experience chronic pain which requires the implementation of strategies and mechanisms that enhance effective pain management. Multidisciplinary care team members usually utilize various approaches including pharmacotherapy which are associated with multiple effects such as medication side effects, dependence, addiction, and tolerance. Therefore, an effective pain management strategy should be initiated to enhance the comfort of these patients without contributing to complex healthcare issues and needs. Therefore, this issue requires implementing strategic measures and approaches that enhance the overall outcomes by implementing non-pharmacological therapies. Research indicated that since cold therapy has been used in pain management in multiple settings such as sports medicine, it can be effectively used in managing post-operative chronic pain. Therefore, researchers had sufficient details that justified the need for implementing non-pharmacological measures to enhance coping mechanisms and improve the overall patient experience using evidence-based practices. Effective Pain Management Strategy Essay Assignment

Research Design and Methods

Quinlan et al. (2017) utilized quantitative research design strategies to explore the relationships between the non-pharmacological pain management approach (cold therapy) and patient comfort enhancement following a spinal operation. In this method, the team implemented a two-group randomized controlled research design to explore the impact of implementing pain management using non-pharmacological interventions for patients during the spinal post-operative period. The targeted research outcome for this project was pain management and control following these procedures. It aims to explore the degree of relationship between cold therapy and post-operative comfort for the targeted population. The research design randomly selected patients and assigned them to the two groups (intervention and control). The two study groups were carefully assessed, evaluated, and traced to determine the effectiveness of these methods in enhancing the overall experience preventing chronic pain and enhancing the surgical experience for these patients. The results from the two groups were analyzed separately and used to draw solid foundations for enhancing the overall experience and generalizing results to the entire study population.

Validity and Reliability

The research incorporated measures and methods that ensured that the results collected and analyzed represent the entire characteristics of the study population. First, the team used probability sampling methods to recruit subjects and include them in the study population. The random sampling methods for the study participants and random assignment into the two groups ensured that the results collected represent the actual picture of the study population. Using probability sampling methods minimizes biasness and ensures that the results acquired do not occur by chance but represent the entire characteristics of the study population (Safari et al., 2023)Effective Pain Management Strategy Essay Assignment. The researchers included 148 subjects who were initially selected, 126 subjects completed the study, assigned into two groups (63 for intervention and 63 for the control group). The research team used statistical methods to evaluate the number of participants needed to generate reliable results. The methods determined that the 126 participants selected were adequate to represent the entire characteristics of the study population. However, one of the key factors that compromised the reliability and validity was the data collection tool which did not collect the standardized data on pain management and coping. Thus, the approaches used adequately and effectively managed the underlying needs and gaps and achieved the best healthcare goals.


Discussion and Conclusion

Quinlan et al. presented their findings in numerical data, percentages, rates, graphs, and charts, enabling the reader to clearly assess the characteristics of interest and achieve the best and most effective outcomes. Reading the discussion sessions clearly enables the reader to understand the implications of the study methods and findings. The research indicated a significant improvement in pain management and coping for patients in the intervention group (those who received cold therapy), indicating the method effectively addresses the comfort needs and enhances coping for patients who undergo complex surgical procedures. On the other hand, patients in the control group experienced more intense pain, confirming that there was a significant effect on the rate of pain management and control. Therefore, the research adds to the body of knowledge and recommends to nurses and multidisciplinary care teams the best approaches for managing pain among patients during the post-operative patients (Gray & Grove, 2021)Effective Pain Management Strategy Essay Assignment. In addition, the research recommends opportunities for further research and issues and mechanisms that can attain the best outcomes using available resources and evidence-based practices.


Gray, J. R., & Grove, S. K. (2021). Burns and grove’s the practice of nursing research: Appraisal, synthesis, and generation of evidence. Elsevier.

Quinlan, P., Davis, J., Fields, K., Madamba, P., Colman, L., Tinca, D., & Cannon Drake, R. (2017). Effects of Localized Cold Therapy on Pain in Postoperative Spinal Fusion Patients. Orthopaedic Nursing, 36(5), 344–349.

Safari, K., McKenna, L., & Davis, J. (2023). Promoting generalization in qualitative nursing research using the multiple case narrative approach: A methodological overview. Journal of Research in Nursing, 28(5), 367–381.

Schmidt, N. A., & Brown, J. M. (2024). Evidence-Based Practice for Nurses: Appraisal and Application of Research. Jones & Bartlett Learning. Effective Pain Management Strategy Essay Assignment

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