Exploration And Effects On Native Americans Essay Example

Exploration And Effects On Native Americans Essay Example

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Colonization and economic exploration have been experienced by most countries in the world, most if not all from European countries (Zakaria, 1999). European nations for example began exploring the American continent in the late 15th century due to a confluence of economic, technological, and political factors. The Age of Exploration was sparked by Spain, Portugal, and England’s search for new resources and trade routes. Transatlantic travel was made possible by important technological innovations like the compass and astrolabe, which changed the course of world politics (Ramos, 2021)Exploration And Effects On Native Americans Essay Example. This essay covers the reasons for this exploration, the economic impacts it brought based on Colombian exchange, and the effects on the natives.


The motivation of European powers’ American exploration

A confluence of political, technological, and economic factors drove European powers to explore the American continent in the late 15th century (Brooks, 2020). Countries like Spain, Portugal, and later England launched maritime expeditions in search of new trade routes to Asia and access to valuable resources. This Age of Exploration was driven by the need for wealth, territorial expansion, and competitive domination. Technological innovations in navigation, like the compass and astrolabe, were crucial in enabling transatlantic travel and creating links that changed the course of world politics (Brooks, 2020)Exploration And Effects On Native Americans Essay Example.

The economic effects of this exploration based on the Colombian exchange

Exploration in the late 15th and early 16th centuries led to the Colombian Exchange, which had significant economic implications. The introduction of new crops like maize and potatoes, which increased agricultural productivity, benefited Europe economically (Zakaria, 1999). On the other hand, European economies were supported by the inflow of American gold and silver. The devastating effects of the exchange included the introduction of diseases and resource exploitation in the Americas (Ramos, 2021). The rise of capitalism was aided by the changes in consumption patterns, commerce, and economic systems brought about by this interconnected global trade. On the other hand, it also resulted in social and economic inequality across the Atlantic (Brooks, 2020)Exploration And Effects On Native Americans Essay Example.

Effects of exploration on Native Americans

Native Americans experienced significant and frequent negative consequences as a result of European exploration. The spread of Old-World illnesses such as measles and smallpox led to catastrophic pandemics that wiped out native populations that lacked immunity (Ramos, 2021). Even though it was not their intention, historical evidence points to Europeans being responsible for the unintentional contamination of Native American communities, which could lead to the spread of these diseases. Social structures were upended and resistance to European colonization was weakened as a result of this demographic collapse. New crops also revolutionized agriculture, and the Columbian Exchange, a trade in goods, plants, and animals, changed the way of life for the indigenous people. Native Americans were further marginalized by resource exploitation, forced labour, and cultural conflicts, which had a lasting impact on their societies and shaped the course of history (Ramos, 2021)Exploration And Effects On Native Americans Essay Example.


In conclusion, the effects of European exploration on Native Americans were extensive and included social unrest, population decline, and unintentional spread of Old-World diseases. Economic changes brought about by the Colombian Exchange exploited the Americas while benefiting Europe. The results, which included forced labour, resource exploitation, and cultural conflicts, had a long-lasting effect on Native American societies and highlighted the complicated and frequently negative effects of European exploration on native populations.


Brooks, C. (2020). European Exploration and Conquest. Western Civilization: A Concise History.

based on the Colombian exchange.

Ramos, C. (2021). Beyond the Columbian Exchange: Medicine and public health in colonial Latin America. History Compass, 19(8), e12682.

Zakaria, F. (1999). From wealth to power: The unusual origins of America’s world role (Vol. 84). Princeton University Press.

Required Resources
Read/review the following resources for this activity: Exploration And Effects On Native Americans Essay Example

Textbook: Chapter 1, 2, 3, 4
Minimum of 1 scholarly source (in addition to the textbook)
Optional Resources to Explore
Feel free to review the library guide for scholarly sources and videos at the following link:

Link (website): History Library Guide (Links to an external site.)
The purposes of each case study assignment include the following: Exploration And Effects On Native Americans Essay Example

To hone your abilities to research using scholarly sources
To advance critical thinking and writing skills
To compile a response to the prompts provided
To explore a historical topic and make connections to change over time
Pick one (1) of the following topics. Then, address the corresponding questions/prompts for your selected topic:

Option 1: Exploration and Effects on Native Americans

Explain what motivated the European world powers to explore the Americas.
Describe the economic effects of exploration based on the Colombian exchange.
Analyze the effects of exploration on Native Americans.
Based on research, analyze if Europeans might be held accountable for transmitting Old World diseases to people in the Western Hemisphere.


Writing Requirements (APA format)

Length: 1-2 pages (not including title page or references page) Exploration And Effects On Native Americans Essay Example
Use standard essay writing process by including an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion.
1-inch margins
Double spaced
12-point Times New Roman font
Title page
References page (minimum of 1 scholarly source)
No abstract is required
In-text citations that correspond with your end references Exploration And Effects On Native Americans Essay Example

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