NRS-420 Topic 4 DQ 2

NRS-420 Topic 4 DQ 2

For the middle-aged adult, exercise can reduce the risk of various health problems. Choose one at-risk health issue that regular physical exercise and activity can help prevent and manage. As the patient’s nurse, identify members of the interdisciplinary team and the role each member would play in guiding care for this patient. Describe recommendations that you would provide to assist patients with health promotion measures to incorporate exercise and physical activity into their lives. Provide a specific resource, including contact information (or website if applicable), you would share with your patient.   

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Initial discussion question posts should be a minimum of 200 words and include at least two references cited using APA format. Responses to peers or faculty should be 100-150 words and include one reference. Refer to “RN-BSN DQ Rubric” and “RN-BSN Participation Rubric,” located in Class Resources, to understand the expectations for initial discussion question posts and participation posts, respectively.  

American Association of Colleges of Nursing Core Competencies for Professional Nursing Education 

This assignment aligns to AACN Core Competency 3.2. 

Class the following question is a Classroom Assessment Technique. (CAT) It is not required. If you choose to do so with a substantive post or response you will earn participation points. 

Much of the research on the link between obesity and diabetes is/was done on the Pima Indians of Arizona. 


Class, follow this link to read an overview of this research. 


High-Risk Populations: The Pimas of Arizona and Mexico – PMC ( 


How can we use this information to promote health in other populations. 


Sample Answer for NRS-420 Topic 4 DQ 2

The Pima Indians of Arizona have made valuable information available that we can now apply to other high-risk populations.  By identifying common risk factors and patterns, we can tailor interventions to specific communities. In health education programs the Pima data could help shape culturally sensitive health education programs.  Address lifestyle factors, nutrition, and physical activity in ways that resonate with diverse populations.  Advocating for policies that align with Pima research is another valuable way to use the knowledge gained.  Clinical assessment tools could be developed to aid in early detection, risk assessment, and personalized management (Michigan Medicine, n.d.).  What a truly unique opportunity the Pima Indians freely gave us to learn from.  

Michigan Medicine. (n.d.). Disease Connection Answers May Exist Within Arizona Tribe. Retrieved from 


Sample Answer for NRS-420 Topic 4 DQ 2

Hello Professor, 

There are various ways in which the studies on diabetes and obesity in the Pima people of Mexico and Arizona can be applied to improve health in other groups.

1. Comprehending hereditary Factors: It is thought that hereditary factors contribute to the Pima people’s among the highest prevalence of type 2 diabetes worldwide (Comess et al., 1969). 

Recognizing individuals at risk within different populations and putting early interventions into place can be made easier with an understanding of these genetic characteristics. 

2. Lifestyle Modifications: The effects of lifestyle modifications on diabetes and obesity have been demonstrated by the Pima studies. It is possible to apply the knowledge gained about nutrition, exercise, and weight control to different groups.

3. Preventive Measures: The significance of preventive measures including routine physical examinations, blood glucose monitoring, and early prediabetic treatment has been emphasized by the Pima research. Other populations can benefit from these initiatives.

4. Public Health Policies: By facilitating access to healthcare services and encouraging physical exercise and a healthy diet, the results of the Pima research can help shape public health policies in other groups.

5. Community Engagement: By involving the community in the study process, the Pima studies have contributed to the adoption and use of health promotion initiatives. Other populations can benefit from this strategy.

In conclusion, study data from the Pima studies can be utilized to create and execute successful health promotion programs in various groups, as well as to comprehend the genetic and lifestyle components that contribute to obesity and diabetes. 




Comess, L. J., Bennett, P. H., Burch, T. A., & Miller, M. (1969, July 1). Congenital Anomalies and Diabetes in the Pima Indians of Arizona. Diabetes, 18(7), 471–477. 


Ravussin, E. (1993, January 1). Energy Metabolism in Obesity: Studies in the Pima Indians. Diabetes Care, 16(1), 232–238. 


Sample Answer for NRS-420 Topic 4 DQ 2

The knowledge gained from studying the health of the Pima Indians of Arizona has the potential to improve health outcomes in other populations through various means. Understanding the factors that contribute to health disparities within the Pima community, such as high rates of diabetes and obesity, enables the development of interventions to address similar health challenges in other populations facing comparable issues (Stories from the Pima Indians Pathfinders for Health, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), n.d.). Possible strategies may involve implementing culturally sensitive health education programs, promotion of healthy lifestyle choices, improving healthcare accessibility, and considering social determinants of health (Rural Health Information Hub, 2016). Additionally, lessons learned from both effective and unsuccessful health interventions in the Pima community can inform the development of impactful public health policies and initiatives for various populations. These emphasize enhancing health outcomes and diminishing health inequalities across diverse communities. 

Stories from The Pima Indians Pathfinders for Health, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK). (n.d.). 

Rural Health Information Hub. (2016). Health Education Strategies – Rural Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Toolkit. 


Sample Answer for NRS-420 Topic 4 DQ 2

I found this study to be fascinating on many levels. The historical precedence and impact that this study has had on the scientific community is tremendous. The sad fact that the Arizona Pima were robbed of their traditional heritage and that the overall effect was higher risk for disease is just tragic. The World Health Organization says that “Health is a state of physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity”(WHO, 2022). The Mexican Pima were able to continue in their traditions and held a state of well-being that overall benefited their health and mental well being. 

The data from this study can and has been used to develop secondary care such as diabetes screenings. The primary care model would be to educate on the important that activity and the built environment play in a person’s health. Interacting with your surroundings in a way that physical, mental, and social well-being is maintained will decrease obesity and help combat the genetics that are at work in an ethnic group. As nurses we need to be culturally competent with the populations that we service. We need to understand the risk both genetic and social determinants that can increase disease complexity.  

As the article states, modernization is inevitable. Nurses and society should encourage ethnic groups to continue practicing those cultural traditions that untied them to the community and the surroundings for better overall health and well-being. 


Schulz, L. O., & Chaudhari, L. S. (2015). High-Risk Populations: The Pimas of Arizona and Mexico. Current Obesity Reports, 4(1), 92–98. 


WHO. (2022). Health and Well-Being. World Health Organisation; World Health Organisation. 

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