NUR 501 Module 4 Discussion Theories & Conceptual Models STU

Sample Answer for NUR 501 Module 4 Discussion Theories & Conceptual Models STU

Theories and Conceptual Models for Advanced Nursing Practice 

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Nursing theories and conceptual frameworks form the foundation for guiding advanced nursing practice in the field of nursing. They serve as a stage to delve into and understand the various aspects of health care service delivery, patient care, and professional development. The purpose of this essay is to assess alternate theories and conceptual models from nursing and related disciplines, showing how they influence and are applied in advanced clinical practice. 

Florence Nightingale’s Environmental Theory  

Florence Nightingale’s Environmental theory is still relevant to nursing practice. Per Nightingale’s theory, the healthcare provider promotes health and healing settled in the environment. The responsibility of the nurse is to create a good ambiance for the patients. The application of this theory by APNs can help them analyse the environmental factors and align it with the health outcomes. For example, nurses in intensive care unit handle the lighting, sound, and temperature to align with the role of patient recovery and comfort (Riegel et al., 2021). 

Hildegard Peplau’s Interpersonal Relations Theory  

Peplau’s Interpersonal Relations Theory underscores the development of mutual ties between the nurse and patient. This strategy is based on communication, empathy and relationship building for successful recovery. An APN can use Peplau’s approach to develop an empathetic relationship with patients. This will consequently enhance patient participation, the adherence to treatment plans and the overall patient satisfaction to the care delivered (Forchuk, 2021). Utilizing the skills of active listening and the therapeutic communication approach, the APNs resolve the patient’s physical, emotional, and psychosocial needs better. 

The Ottawa Model of Research Use  

The Ottawa Model of Research Use is system-wide approach to the integration of Evidence-based practice (EBP) into healthcare settings from the health promotion discipline point of view. This model outlines the knowledge translation process and includes evidence identification from research activities, implementation of evidence-based intervention and subsequent outcome evaluation. APNs could utilize the potentials of the Ottawa Model to provide cost-effective and high quality care services (Jager et al., 2020). By keeping up with the latest research outcomes and having a learning spirit throughout their lives, APNs will be sure that they are practicing based on current evidence, which results in excellent therapeutic outcomes and healthcare systems. 

The Chronic Care Model  

The Chronic Care Model is a logical model that includes chronic illness management at all levels of the entire healthcare system. This approach places emphasis on preventive care which is patient-directed and takes care of varied needs of individuals with chronic diseases. In primary health care or specialized clinic, APNs can practice on the basis of the chronic care model and provide evidence-based care for chronic diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure and heart failure. APNs may use care coordination, self-management support, and decision support among other methods to enhance patient engagement in their health journey (Gilman, 2021). 

Basically, nursing theories and other related concepts are the gateway to the advanced practice of nursing. Applying basic theories such as Nightingale’s Environmental Theory, the Interpersonal Relations Theory of Peplau, the Ottawa Model of Research Use, and the Chronic Care Model, APNs can advance the care, safety, and quality of patients. Theoretical principles being integrated with practice enables APN to handle the complexities of health care delivery and enhance evidence-based care, thus improving patient outcomes. 


Forchuk, C. (2021). Overview of Peplau’s Theory. In From Therapeutic Relationships to Transitional Care (pp. 3-15). Routledge. 

Gilman, P. R. (2021). Complex adaptive systems: a framework for an integrated chronic care model. Advances in Nursing Science, 44(4), 330-339. 

Jager, F., Vandyk, A., Jacob, J. D., Meilleur, D., Vanderspank-Wright, B., LeBlanc, B., … & Phillips, J. C. (2020). The Ottawa model for nursing curriculum renewal: An integrative review. Nurse Education Today, 87, 104344. 

Riegel, F., Crossetti, M. D. G. O., Martini, J. G., & Nes, A. A. G. (2021). Florence Nightingale’s theory and her contributions to holistic critical thinking in nursing. Revista brasileira de enfermagem, 74, e20200139. 

Sample Answer 2 for NUR 501 Module 4 Discussion Theories & Conceptual Models STU

Theories & Conceptual Models 

Two important frameworks in nursing and allied professions that apply to advanced practice are Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring and Nola Pender’s Health Promotion Model. Let’s assess these ideas’ applicability to advanced practice nursing. 

Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring and the significance of nurse-patient interaction serve as evidence that caring enhances well-being, contentment and personal development. Part of providing holistic care for patients involves attending to their physical, emotional, social and spiritual requirements. This approach is based on the firm idea that nursing is a helping profession (Wei & Watson, 2019). Nurses with advanced training can provide compassionate, patient-centered care with a solid foundation according to Watson’s hypothesis. 

Advanced practice nurses (APNs) can use this strategy to build therapeutic alliances based on mutual respect, empathy and confidence. By practicing compassionate behaviors such as genuine concern, active listening and presence, APNs can provide healing environments and improve patients’ general well-being. Watson additionally motivates APNs to take patients’ experiences, values, beliefs and cultural origins into account by illustrating the transpersonal aspect of caring (Bagheri et al., 2023). This integrated approach which takes into consideration the needs and preferences of each patient, enhances the efficacy of therapies and aligns with the advanced practice nursing skill of cultural competence. 

Nola Pender’s Health Promotion Model (HPM) seeks to prevent disease and promote health by recognizing the characteristics and experiences influencing healthy habits. The model identifies several vital components such as self-efficacy, interpersonal influences, personal perspectives on health and perceived benefits and drawbacks of participating in activities that promote health. To improve wellness and promote healthy habits, advanced nursing practice might use Pender’s Health Promotion Model which offers a methodical framework for creating treatments. This approach gives APNs the ability to assess their patients’ perspectives on their health, identify barriers to adopting healthy behaviors and provide patients the self-assurance to make choices that will enhance their general well-being. 

The capacity to show conviction that one can take action to improve one’s health is one advantage of the health promotion model. Thus, in providing tools, data and direction specific to each patient’s requirements and circumstances, APNs can assist patients in becoming more independent. Furthermore, Pender’s methodology acknowledges the impact of social factors on health-related behaviors including friends, family and medical personnel (Chen & Hsieh, 2021). APNs may establish patient-centered environments that support and reinforce healthy habits using these connections. 

In conclusion, this idea of Human Caring applies profoundly to advanced practice nursing because it highlights the need for compassion, holistic care and the nurse-patient connection in achieving optimal health outcomes and patient satisfaction. In addition, APNs can improve health outcomes, prevent sickness and cultivate a culture of wellness in healthcare settings by utilizing the Health Promotion Model which empowers APNs to address individual views and motives, empower patients as well as promote proactive health measures. 


Bagheri, S., Zarshenas, L., Rakhshan, M., Sharif, F., Sarani, E.M., Shirazi, Z.H. & Sitzman, K. (2023). Impact of Watson’s human caring-based health promotion program on caregivers of individuals with schizophrenia. BMC Health Services Research, 23(1): 711. Retrieved from: doi: 10.1186/s12913-023-09725-9  

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