NURS FPX 8045 Assessment 4 Interpretation and Synthesis of Scholarly Sources

NURS FPX 8045 Assessment 4 Interpretation and Synthesis of Scholarly Sources

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NURS FPX 8045 Assessment 4 Interpretation and Synthesis of Scholarly Sources

Student Name

Capella University

NURS-FPX 8045 Doctoral Writing and Professional Practice

Prof. Name



Management of Pain in Cancer Patients: Exploring Alternative Approaches

Pain management in cancer patients is a critical aspect of their overall care. Diverse approaches to pain management can significantly improve the well-being of both cancer patients and their families. The detrimental effects of pain extend beyond physical discomfort to include psychological distress, sleep disruption, fatigue, depression, anxiety, irritability, and impaired cognitive function. This necessitates research into alternative methods that can complement or replace conventional approaches. Music therapy stands out as a crucial method, demonstrating positive impacts on pain management scores, repression reduction, and overall quality of life for cancer patients.


Article 1: Music Therapy in the Psychosocial Treatment of Adult Cancer Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

This article synthesizes evidence on the effectiveness of music therapy throughout various phases of oncological treatment. A systematic review and meta-analysis of thirty studies on music therapy for adult cancer patients indicated positive impacts on outcomes such as anxiety, depression, quality of life, reduced pain medication intake, enhanced spiritual well-being, and decreased stress during curative treatment. The meta-analysis revealed significant effects on psychological well-being, physical symptom distress, and overall quality of life, suggesting that integrating music therapy into different phases of cancer treatment could improve health outcomes.

Article 2: Effects of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Combined With Music Therapy on Pain, Anxiety, and Sleep Quality in Patients with Osteosarcoma

This study aimed to evaluate the effects of combining music therapy with mindfulness-based stress reduction in osteosarcoma patients. Results from 101 enrolled patients showed significant alleviation of psychological and physiological complications, including reduced pain and anxiety scores and improved sleep quality. The findings suggest that combining music therapy with other interventions has the potential to enhance the quality of life for cancer patients.

Article 3: Effectiveness of Five-Element Music Therapy in Cancer Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

This article systematically evaluated the effectiveness of five-element music therapy on anxiety, quality of life, sleep, and depression in cancer patients through a meta-analysis of 22 studies involving 2053 patients. Significant differences were found in relieving pain, improving sleep quality, and reducing depression, but not in alleviating anxiety. The authors concluded that five-element music therapy positively impacted the quality of life, sleep, pain, and depression in cancer patients.


Music Therapy as an Intervention for Cancer Pain

Pain is a pervasive symptom in cancer patients, affecting their physical, physiological, and psychological well-being. Music therapy emerges as an effective intervention to improve mood, reduce anxiety, and alleviate suffering among cancer patients. It has measurable impacts on physiological parameters, promoting relaxation and reducing stress hormones. Music therapy serves as an adjunct intervention, enhancing the quality of life and pain management for cancer patients, as supported by various scholarly sources.


Advantages and Safety of Music Therapy Over Conventional Pain Management

Music therapy is a safe intervention with advantages over conventional pain management methods. Unlike pharmacological interventions, music therapy involves no invasive procedures, reducing the risk of infection and interference with circulatory and muscular systems. Additionally, it eliminates the dangers associated with medication-related issues. Music therapy is a safe and appropriate intervention that complements other pain management approaches, ultimately improving the overall quality of life for cancer patients.


Music Therapy: A Significant Intervention in Cancer Pain Management

In conclusion, cancer patients’ quality of life is profoundly impacted by the intense pain associated with the disease. Music therapy emerges as a significant, safe, and effective intervention that surpasses some conventional pain-relieving methods. It not only reduces pain but also addresses associated symptoms such as depression, stress, and anxiety. Future research should focus on integrating music therapy into oncology practices to fully harness its potential positive impact.


Köhler, F., Martin, Z. S., Hertrampf, R. S., Gäbel, C., Kessler, J., Ditzen, B., & Warth, M. (2020). Music therapy in the psychosocial treatment of adult cancer patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, 651.

Liu, H., Gao, X., & Hou, Y. (2019). Effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction combined with music therapy on pain, anxiety, and sleep quality in patients with osteosarcoma. Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry, 41(6), 540-545.

Yang, T., Wang, S., Wang, R., Wei, Y., Kang, Y., Liu, Y., & Zhang, C. (2021). Effectiveness of five-element music therapy in cancer patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, 44, 101416.

NURS FPX 8045 Assessment 4 Interpretation and Synthesis of Scholarly Sources

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