Nursing Theories Essay Discussion Paper

Nursing Theories Essay Discussion Paper

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Explain why nurse theorists create their theories
Discuss three broad categories used to classify nursing theories
Examine the realistic expectations of a practicing nurse to integrate unfamiliar nursing theories into practice
Analyze why it is important for the nurse to consider a theoretical model when providing evidence-based practice with individuals, families, communities and complex healthcare and educational organizations
Create three examples of how specific theoretical models can be applied for the advancement of evidence-based practice with individuals, families, communities and complex health Nursing Theories Essay Discussion Paper


Nursing Theorist

Reasons for developing nursing theories

Nursing theories develop their models as guiding frameworks and principles for nursing. These theories, based on research and evidence, provide nurses with a foundation for judgment and sound decision-making (Butts & Rich, 2021)Nursing Theories Essay Discussion Paper. Additionally, nursing theories significantly impact nursing education and patient interaction. Most individuals who work in the nursing profession apply nursing theories and guidelines in their practice regularly. Therefore, nursing theories have evolved significantly to inform and change the nursing field.

Three broad categories of nursing theories

            Various theories are incorporated into nursing practice to achieve desired treatment outcomes. These nursing theories are categorized into three major levels. The first level is grand nursing theories, which is the broadest category of nursing models (Butts & Rich, 2021)Nursing Theories Essay Discussion Paper. These theories present complex concepts providing a framework for general nursing care. The second level consists of middle-range nursing theories. These theories are more specific than grand nursing theories. The last level consists of practice-level nursing theories applied to a particular situation. This category consists of nursing theories that are narrower in focus and scope than the other two levels of nursing theory.

Realistic expectations of integrating unfamiliar nursing models into nursing practice

Nursing theories serve as a guiding framework for nurses in their practice. They provide nurses and other professionals working in nursing fields with a foundation for making the most appropriate clinical decisions. These theories also provide systematic approaches for developing significant nursing practices for promoting the quality and safety of patient care. However, nursing theories differ depending on a particular situation. For instance, Watson’s Human Caring Theory is only effective in situations involving caring (Wei et al., 2019)Nursing Theories Essay Discussion Paper. Therefore, integrating unfamiliar nursing theories and concepts into nursing practice might result in something other than desired patient care or outcome. For this reason, nurses should explore various theories to understand the impact of nurse’s daily practice.

Significance of considering a theoretical model in EBP

Theoretical knowledge guide nurse researchers in developing evidence-based practice (EBP). Nurses integrate EBP based on the latest and current research evidence with their clinical expertise and values, preferences, and circumstances of an individual patient. Abu-Baker et al. (2021) reported that incorporating the best evidence into nursing practice results in high-quality, effective, safe patient care. Thus, nurses should consider theoretical models related to a particular situation when providing care to individuals and groups to generate their body of knowledge. Consequently, nurses will provide the best care based on standardized nursing practices and recent reliable knowledge, resulting in high-quality healthcare, better clinical patient outcomes, and cost-effective healthcare.

Applying theoretical models in advanced EBP

Orem’s Self-Care Theory guides patients in determining areas of patient care that require improvement. Studies show that incorporating Orem’s theory into patients improves clinical outcomes and quality of life (Khademian et al., 2020). For example, educating a patient diagnosed with hypertension on self-managing her blood pressure based on Orem’s theory can improve the patient’s health outcomes and quality of life. In another example, incorporating Orem’s theory into self-care training of an older adult who requires assistance in personal hygiene and feeding improves performance of activities of daily life and quality of life. Furthermore, integrating Watson’s Human Caring Theory into the end-of-life care of critically ill patients improves current symptoms and quality of life (Wei et al., 2019)Nursing Theories Essay Discussion




Abu-Baker, N. N., AbuAlrub, S., Obeidat, R. F., & Assmairan, K. (2021). Evidence-based practice beliefs and implementations: a cross-sectional study among undergraduate nursing students. BMC Nursing20(1), 1-8.

Butts, J. B., & Rich, K. L. (2021). Philosophies and theories for advanced nursing practice. Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Khademian, Z., Ara, F. K., & Gholamzadeh, S. (2020). The effect of self-care education based on Orem’s nursing theory on quality of life and self-efficacy in patients with hypertension: a quasi-experimental study. International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery8(2), 140.

Wei, H., Fazzone, P. A., Sitzman, K., & Hardin, S. R. (2019). The Current Intervention Studies Based on Watson’s Theory of Human Caring: A Systematic Review. International Journal for Human Caring23(1). Nursing Theories Essay Discussion Paper

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