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Patient-Centered Care and Patient Autonomy Assignment Paper

Patient-Centered Care and Patient Autonomy Assignment Paper

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Inter-collaboration Team – Reflection

Introduction

The case involved Mr. Jones, who had a history of stroke and heart failure and was in need of an interprofessional collaborative approach. According to White-Williams and Shirey (2022), interprofessional collaborative practice involves specialists from various disciplines working together to deliver exceptional patient care. In this case, the interprofessional care team was comprised of various specialists, including a family nurse practitioner, neurologist, nutritionist, social worker, occupational therapist, psychiatric mental health NP, healthcare admin and leadership, and a primary care provider. Patient-Centered Care and Patient Autonomy Assignment Paper

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Ethical Challenges Associated with the Management of Mr. Jones

A notable ethical challenge associated with the management of Mr. Jones is patient autonomy and informed decision-making. According to Liang et al. (2022), patient autonomy is focused on a patient’s responsibility in making healthcare decisions independently. Based on the cognitive and physical limitations that Mr. Jones faced, it is critical to ensure that he receives all necessary information and support to make informed decisions regarding the treatment plan and daily living activities. This required addressing factors such as grief, which may have impacted his ability to make informed decisions. Such factors made it important to engage a social worker and therapist to help address the patient’s emotional and psychological needs. Patient-Centered Care and Patient Autonomy Assignment Paper

Another ethical concern in Mr. Jones’ management is related to the ethical principle of justice and fairness. According to Varkey (2021), the ethical principle of justice requires fair, equitable, and appropriate treatment of persons. Mr. Jones has limited access to healthy food options and his neighborhood’s lack of resources, which may worsen his health conditions and thereby limit his ability to adhere to dietary recommendations. This ethical issue points to the need to address social determinants of health and ensure equitable access to essential services.

The Interprofessional Approach in Dealing with the Ethical Issues

Addressing the identified ethical challenges required an interprofessional approach. Each member of the healthcare team played a critical role in ensuring that Mr. Jones’s management plan was comprehensive, ethical, and tailored to his specific needs. The primary care provider and the FNP collaborated in ensuring that Mr. Jones got accurate and understandable information regarding his medical condition, treatment options, and possible risks of benefits, and ensuring that the patient was well-positioned to make informed decisions.  Patient-Centered Care and Patient Autonomy Assignment Paper The social worker played a crucial role in addressing Mr. Jones’ psychosocial needs, such as grief counseling and connecting him with community resources to address ethical issues of justice by helping address issues associated with food insecurity, transportation, and social support. The dietitian collaborated with an occupational therapist and social worker to ensure that the customized meal plan took into account his physical limitations and access to healthy foods. The physical therapist and occupational therapist’s focus on improving Mr. Jones’s mobility, independence, and overall quality of life was essential in addressing ethical issues.

Addressing Overlapping Scopes of Practice

Within the interdisciplinary team, there are instances where the scopes of practice between different experts overlap. An example of such a case involved the FNP and social work scope of practice in assessing Mr. Jones’s psychosocial needs and providing emotional support. To address this issue, it was important to ensure clear communication and collaboration and have these practitioners work together to ensure the development of a cohesive care plan. As a collaborative team, there was a need to establish open lines of communication, regular exchange of information, and coordination of interventions to ensure seamless and integrated care. According to Snyder et al. (2024) interprofessional team members need to communicate and collaborate to promote the best outcomes for clients and to ensure a mutually beneficial working alliance. Patient-Centered Care and Patient Autonomy Assignment Paper

Personal Contribution to the Group Project

As a group assignment, I was actively involved in completing the task and participating in group discussions. One main contribution was providing information about how, as an FNP, I would participate in the management of Mr. Jones. As an FNP, my roles with the inter-collaborative team include collaboration with the team, ensuring medical adherence, appointment follow-up, and patient education. As part of the discussion, I highlighted the need for ongoing assessment of his decision-making capacity.

Conclusion

The management of Mr. Jones’s case required a comprehensive and collaborative approach that addressed his medical needs but also his social, environmental, and emotional well-being. An interprofessional approach required that the healthcare team effectively address the emerging ethical challenges associated with his care, promote patient autonomy, and ensure equitable access to necessary resources. Patient-Centered Care and Patient Autonomy Assignment Paper

References

Liang, Z., Xu, M., Liu, G., Zhou, Y., & Howard, P. (2022). Patient-centered care and patient autonomy: doctors’ views in Chinese hospitals. BMC Medical Ethics23(1), 38. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12910-022-00777-w

Snyder, S. M., Huber, H., Hornsby, T., & Leventhal, B. (2024). Overlapping Training and Roles: An Exploration of the State of Interprofessional Practice between Behavior Analysts and School Psychologists. Behavior Analysis in Practice, pp. 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40617-023-00904-y

Varkey, B. (2021). Principles of clinical ethics and their application to practice. Medical Principles and Practice30(1), 17-28. https://doi.org/10.1159/000509119

White-Williams, C., & Shirey, M. R. (2022). Taking an interprofessional collaborative practice to the next level: Strategies to promote high performing teams. Journal of Interprofessional Education & Practice26, 100485. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.xjep.2021.100485

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This work is a continuation of the previous task. What you did – Order ID#259265 writer 18091 -Unit 3 Assignment 1 Week 9 – Interprofessional Roles and Responsibilities

Reflection Paper
Instructions
Reflection Guidelines: Submit a 1- to 2-page reflection paper. Patient-Centered Care and Patient Autonomy Assignment Paper

Reflecting on what you learned in Unit 2 and professional ethics, write a 1- to 2-page reflection paper that outlines the ethical challenges associated with management of Mr. Jones. How will your interprofessional approach address the ethical issues that you have identified?

 

Your 1-2 paper should be written in APA 7 format. Include the following:

 

Cover page
Introduction
Body
Outline the ethical challenges associated with management of Mr. Jones
Discuss the interprofessional approach and describe your team members†roles in addressing the ethical issues that you have identified
Describe how the group addressed overlapping scopes of practice
Summarize your contribution to the group project. Patient-Centered Care and Patient Autonomy Assignment Paper
Conclusion
References page

Please support your work with at least 3 references from your course readings, class materials, and group interactions in support of your reflections and as a counterpoint.

 

Assessment
Please review the rubric for specific details about the assignment.

Individual Reflection: Depth of reflection
20 possible points (40%) Patient-Centered Care and Patient Autonomy Assignment Paper

Exceeds Expectations
Reflection thoroughly addresses what the student learned about their group members. Reflection clearly explains the student’s viewpoint on the case. Reflection thoroughly explains how the group analyzed the case study and the group decided to handle overlapping scopes of practice. Reflection demonstrates the studentâ€s made significant contributions to the creation of the group artifact.

Use of textual evidence/examples from class materials and the discussion forum
20 possible points (40%)

Exceeds Expectations
Includes a variety of evidence from readings, class materials, and a thorough demonstration of use of interactions from the discussion forum; both in support of the reflection and as a counterpoint. 3 references. Patient-Centered Care and Patient Autonomy Assignment Paper

Writing conventions
10 possible points (20%)

Exceeds Expectations
Adheres to rules of Standard English grammar and mechanics with one or two small editing errors; paper is formatted using APA guidelines; cites material appropriately in APA format. Patient-Centered Care and Patient Autonomy Assignment Paper

 

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