PSYC FPX 3110 Assessment 3 Living Criteria of the DSM

PSYC FPX 3110 Assessment 3 Living Criteria of the DSM

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PSYC FPX 3110 Assessment 3 Living Criteria of the DSM

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Capella University

PSYC FPX 3110 Abnormal Psychology

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Living Criteria of Bipolar Disorder in the DSM-5

Bipolar disorder, an intricate mood condition marked by alternating episodes of mania and depression, is categorized within the DSM-5 by the American Psychiatric Association (APA, 2013). McIntyre and Calabrese (2019) delineate bipolar disorder as encompassing a spectrum of mood alterations, including manic, depressive, and hypomanic episodes. Bipolar disorder is delineated into two principal types: bipolar I disorder, distinguished by severe manic episodes often accompanied by psychotic features, and bipolar II disorder, which entails at least one hypomanic episode and recurrent depressive episodes (APA, 2013).

Diagnosis of Bipolar Disorder

The diagnosis of bipolar disorder hinges on discriminating manic or hypomanic episodes from other mood disorders, such as Major Depressive Disorder (APA, 2013). Manic episodes typically endure for weeks to months, whereas hypomanic episodes are briefer, lasting only a few days to weeks and are indicative of bipolar II disorder. Despite depression being a hallmark of bipolar II disorder, it also manifests in bipolar I disorder (McCormick et al., 2015). Differential diagnosis often necessitates the utilization of screening tools followed by clinical interviews to evaluate symptomatology, functional impairment, and familial history (McCormick et al., 2015).

Effects of Bipolar Disorder on Mariah Carey’s Career

Mariah Carey, a distinguished vocalist, disclosed her battle with bipolar II disorder in 2001, citing fear of stigma as a deterrent to seeking assistance (Cagle, 2018). Despite her proficiency and success, bipolar disorder impinged on Carey’s career through symptoms such as insomnia, irritability, and depression, culminating in work completion challenges and strained relationships (Cagle, 2018).

Treatment of Bipolar Disorder

Therapeutic modalities for bipolar disorder encompass pharmacotherapy, psychosocial interventions, and support from familial and social circles. Pharmacotherapy entails mood stabilizers like Sodium valproate and lamotrigine to manage symptoms and forestall relapse (Vieta et al., 2018). Psychosocial treatments, including psychotherapy and group therapy, furnish education and support to patients, facilitating medication adherence and symptom management (Vieta et al., 2018). Familial and social support play a pivotal role in fostering stability and recovery for individuals grappling with bipolar disorder.

Professional Considerations in Bipolar Disorder Diagnosis and Treatment

Grasping the intricacies of bipolar disorder and its differential diagnosis is imperative for mental health practitioners. Misdiagnosis can culminate in inappropriate treatment and exacerbation of symptoms (Hooley, Butcher, & Nock, 2019). Integrating diverse therapeutic approaches, encompassing cognitive-behavioral and psychopharmacological interventions tailored to individual requisites, is pivotal for favorable outcomes (Hooley, Butcher, & Nock, 2019).


Bipolar disorder presents significant hurdles for individuals like Mariah Carey, underscoring the significance of early diagnosis and comprehensive treatment modalities. By addressing stigma, delivering efficacious interventions, and fostering support networks, individuals grappling with bipolar disorder can lead fulfilling lives. Grasping the subtleties of bipolar disorder is critical for mental health professionals to furnish optimal care and support.


American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC.

PSYC FPX 3110 Assessment 3 Living Criteria of the DSM

Cagle, J. (2018). Mariah Carey: My Battle with Bipolar Disorder. Retrieved from

Hooley, J. M., Butcher, J. N., & Nock, M. K. (2019). Abnormal psychology (18th ed.). Pearson.

McCormick, U., Murray, B., & McNew, B. (2015). Diagnosis and treatment of patients with bipolar disorder: A review for advanced practice nurses. Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners, 27(9), 530-542.

McIntyre, R. S., & Calabrese, J. R. (2019). Bipolar Depression: The clinical characteristics and unmet needs of a complex disorder. Current Medical Research and Opinion, 35(11), 1993-2005. Retrieved from

PSYC FPX 3110 Assessment 3 Living Criteria of the DSM

Vieta, E., et al. (2018). Early Intervention in Bipolar Disorder. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 175(5), 411-426.

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