Women Health Issue Discussion Paper

Women Health Issue Discussion Paper

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Women with hypertension exhibit unique symptoms that are impacted by hormones. Blood pressure monitoring, extensive testing, and customized treatments, such as dietary adjustments and, where required, safe medication for women of reproductive age, are all part of the diagnosis process (Rossi et al., 2020)Women Health Issue Discussion Paper. This discussion focuses on the common symptoms of hypertension in women, the recommended diagnostic tests, common treatments, and the appropriate medications.

The common symptoms

Women’s hypertension, or high blood pressure, frequently presents in many different forms. Fatigue, headaches, and dizziness are typical complaints. In addition, women may get abnormal heartbeats, chest pain, or nosebleeds. Still, many cases of hypertension are asymptomatic, highlighting the significance of routine blood pressure checks. Menopause, pregnancy, and hormonal changes can all have an impact on a woman’s blood pressure (Rossi et al., 2020)Women Health Issue Discussion Paper.


Recommended diagnostic tests

Several tests are performed to measure blood pressure and find possible underlying reasons to diagnose hypertension. Using a sphygmomanometer to measure blood pressure is the main diagnostic tool. Consistently high readings demand additional research as recommended by Rossi et al. (2020). Wearing a device that takes your blood pressure at regular intervals for a full day is known as ambulatory blood pressure monitoring or ABPM. It provides a more detailed profile of your blood pressure. Another useful tool is home blood pressure monitoring, which enables users to periodically track their results. These techniques support diagnosis confirmation and intervention efficacy evaluation (Tasić et al., 2022)Women Health Issue Discussion Paper.

To assess organ damage and identify possible secondary causes, more testing might be carried out. Kidney function, blood glucose, and cholesterol are measured through blood testing. Echocardiograms and ultrasounds are imaging tests that assist in identifying structural problems, whereas electrocardiograms, often known as EKGs or ECGs, are used to evaluate heart function. Healthcare practitioners can customize therapies by using comprehensive diagnostic procedures that address potential contributory factors as well as blood pressure control.  According to Tasić et al. (2022)Women Health Issue Discussion Paper, effective management of hypertension necessitates regular monitoring and patient-provider coordination.

Common treatments

Usually, managing hypertension entails making lifestyle changes and, if required, taking medication. Dietary modifications are crucial; it is advised to restrict alcohol intake, adopt the DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) diet, which is high in fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy products, and minimize sodium intake (Chen & Chauhan, 2019). Frequent physical activity supports cardiovascular health and helps with weight control. Examples of this activity include muscle building and aerobic workouts. It is imperative to stop smoking because tobacco usage exacerbates hypertension.

Medication may be recommended if lifestyle modifications are not sufficient. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers, and diuretics are common medication classes. Beta-blockers and ACE inhibitors relax blood arteries, whereas diuretics lower blood pressure and fluid volume essential (Chen & Chauhan, 2019)Women Health Issue Discussion Paper. Calcium channel blockers increase vascular dilatation by preventing calcium from entering cells. Combination treatments are frequently used to increase effectiveness and any modifications to treatment are guided by routine blood pressure monitoring. Long-term hypertension control requires lifestyle changes and drug adherence, highlighting the cooperative efforts of patients and healthcare professionals in preserving cardiovascular health.


Appropriate medications for a woman of reproductive age

Certain drugs are considered safe for women who are of reproductive age and have hypertension. Because methyldopa and labetalol have proven safety profiles, they are frequently advised during pregnancy (Chen & Chauhan, 2019). However, because of possible prenatal dangers, angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs), ACE inhibitors, and certain diuretics are generally avoided. Changes in lifestyle, such as sensible dieting, are essential. Advice on a diet that is well-balanced, full of fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy products is in line with the DASH diet, which lowers blood pressure. To customize medication schedules and lifestyle recommendations for women during their reproductive years, adequate prenatal care and discussion with healthcare specialists are essential (Chen & Chauhan, 2019)Women Health Issue Discussion Paper.


In conclusion, specific treatment plans that take hormones into account are needed for women with hypertension. The diagnosis entails careful blood pressure monitoring, testing, and individualized care that strikes a balance between safe medication and lifestyle changes. Effective long-term care requires regular evaluations and teamwork between patients and medical professionals. Throughout their lives, women can maintain optimal cardiovascular health by following certain lifestyle, nutritional, and medication regimens. For women with hypertension to successfully manage their condition, open communication, regular monitoring, and personalized assistance are essential. Women Health Issue Discussion Paper


Chen, H. Y., & Chauhan, S. P. (2019). Hypertension among women of reproductive age: Impact of 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association high blood pressure guideline. International Journal of Cardiology. Hypertension, 1, 100007.

Rossi, G. P., Bisogni, V., Rossitto, G., Maiolino, G., Cesari, M., Zhu, R., & Seccia, T. M. (2020). Practice Recommendations for Diagnosis and Treatment of the Most Common Forms of Secondary Hypertension. High blood pressure & cardiovascular prevention : the official journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension, 27(6), 547–560.

Tasić, T., Tadić, M., & Lozić, M. (2022). Hypertension in Women. Frontiers in cardiovascular medicine, 9, 905504.

For this Discussion, you will select a specific women’s health issue. You will research this issue, and share common symptoms, recommended diagnostic tests, and common treatments. Need 3 scholarly references APA format

To prepare: Women Health Issue Discussion Paper

  • Review the Learning Resources for this week and consider the different types of women’s health issues.
  • Choose one of the women’s health issue from the following list and once you have selected an issue, search the Walden Library and/or the Internet regarding the health issue symptoms, diagnostic tests, and common treatments:
    • Osteoporosis
    • Bladder Issues
    • Pre-diabetes
    • Thyroid
    • Hypertension
    • Seizure Disorders
    • Psychiatric Disorders
  • Based on the issue you chose, post a description and explanation of common symptoms, recommended diagnostic tests, and common treatments. Be specific and provide examples. Use the evidence from your search of the literature to support your explanation of the woman’s health issue you chose.

Next, based off the one women’s health issue you picked listed below, post your responses to the following questions that corresponds to your women’s health issue.

  • Osteoporosis – What are your options for primary prevention? How would you educate someone on the treatment?
  • Bladder Issues – What exactly are the symptoms? What about Interstitial cystitis (IC) and pelvic pain?
  • Thyroid – What symptoms occur in women? What can you discern from that? What about infertility?
  • Pre-diabetes – Are there menstrual irregularities? What types of medication are they taking? What about pregnancy plans?
  • Hypertension – What medications are appropriate for a woman of reproductive age? Should you counsel the woman on appropriate dieting?
  • Seizure Disorders – What special implications do you need to consider in this particular population?
  • Psychiatric Disorders – Specify the types of disorders i.e., anxiety/depression/substance abuse/eating disorders Women Health Issue Discussion Paper


Required Readings

  • Schuiling, K. D., & Likis, F. E. (2022). Gynecologic healthcare (4th ed.). Jones and Bartlett Learning.
    • Chapter 29, “Gynecologic Cancers” (pp. 569-597)
    • Chapter 30, “Chronic Pelvic Pain” (pp. 601-616)


  • van Dijk, G. M., Kavousi, M., Troup, J., & Franco, O. H. (2015). Health issues for menopausal women: The top 11 conditions have common solutionsLinks to an external site.. Maturitas, 80(1), 24–30.
  • North American Menopause Society. (2020). Sexual health & menopause.Links to an external site.


As you review the following resources, you may want to include a topic in the search area to gather detailed information (e.g., breast cancer screening guidelines; CDC – for zika in pregnancy, etc.).


  • American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG).Links to an external site.(2020).
  • American Cancer Society, Inc. (ACS). (2020). Information and Resources about Cancer: Breast, Colon, Lung, Prostate, Skin.Links to an external site.
  • American Nurses Association (ANA). (n.d.). Lead the profession to share the future of nursing and health care.Links to an external site.
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (CDC). (n.d.). CDC in action.Links to an external site.
  • HealthyPeople 2030. (2020). Healthy People 2030 Framework.Links to an external site.
  • The American Association of Nurse Practitioners (AANP). (2020). What’s Happening at your association. Links to an external site. Women Health Issue Discussion Paper

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